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Proceedings Paper

Temporally rendered automatic cloud extraction (TRACE) system
Author(s): Dennis M. Bodrero; James G. Yale; Roger E. Davis; John Michael Rollins
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Paper Abstract

Smoke/obscurant testing requires that 2D cloud extent be extracted from visible and thermal imagery. These data are used alone or in combination with 2D data from other aspects to make 3D calculations of cloud properties, including dimensions, volume, centroid, travel, and uniformity. Determining cloud extent from imagery has historically been a time-consuming manual process. To reduce time and cost associated with smoke/obscurant data processing, automated methods to extract cloud extent from imagery were investigated. The TRACE system described in this paper was developed and implemented at U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground, UT by the Science and Technology Corporation--Acuity Imaging Incorporated team with Small Business Innovation Research funding. TRACE uses dynamic background subtraction and 3D fast Fourier transform as primary methods to discriminate the smoke/obscurant cloud from the background. TRACE has been designed to run on a PC-based platform using Windows. The PC-Windows environment was chosen for portability, to give TRACE the maximum flexibility in terms of its interaction with peripheral hardware devices such as video capture boards, removable media drives, network cards, and digital video interfaces. Video for Windows provides all of the necessary tools for the development of the video capture utility in TRACE and allows for interchangeability of video capture boards without any software changes. TRACE is designed to take advantage of future upgrades in all aspects of its component hardware. A comparison of cloud extent determined by TRACE with manual method is included in this paper.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 October 1999
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3763, Propagation and Imaging through the Atmosphere III, (5 October 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.363610
Show Author Affiliations
Dennis M. Bodrero, U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground (United States)
James G. Yale, U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground (United States)
Roger E. Davis, Science and Technology Corp. (United States)
John Michael Rollins, Science and Technology Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3763:
Propagation and Imaging through the Atmosphere III
Michael C. Roggemann; Luc R. Bissonnette, Editor(s)

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