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Proceedings Paper

Pre-launch noise characterization of the Landsat-7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM Plus)
Author(s): Jeffrey A. Pedelty; Brian L. Markham; John L. Barker; Jennifer C. Seiferth
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Paper Abstract

A noise characterization of the Landsat-7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) instrument was performed as part of a near-real time performance assessment and health monitoring program. Performance data for the integrated Landsat-7 spacecraft and ETM+ were collected before, during, and after the spacecraft thermal vacuum testing program at the Lockheed Martin Missiles and Space (LMMS) facilities in Valley Forge, PA. The Landsat-7 spacecraft and ETM+ instrument were successfully launched on April 15, 1999. The spacecraft and ETM+ are now nearing the end of the on orbit engineering checkout phase, and Landsat-7 is expected to be declared operational on or about July 15, 1999. A preliminary post-launch noise characterization was performed and compared with the pre-launch characterization. In general the overall noise levels in the ETM+ are at or below the specification levels. Coherent noise is seen in most bands, but is only operationally significant when imaging in the panchromatic band (band 8). This coherent noise has an amplitude as high as -.3 DN (peak-to-peak, high gain) at the Nyquist rate of 104 kHz, and causes the noise levels in panchromatic band images at times to exceed the total noise specification by up to —10%. However, this 104 kHz noise is now much weaker than it was prior to the successful repair of the ETM÷ power supplies that was completed in May 1998. Weak and stable coherent noise at —5 kHz is seen in all bands in the prime focal plane (bands 1-4 and 8) with the prime(side A) electronics. Very strong coherent noise at —20 kHz is seen in a few detectors of bands 1 and 8, but this noise is almost entirely in the turn-around region between scans when the ETM+ is not imaging the Earth. Strong coherent noise was seen in 2 detectors of band 5 during some of the pre-launch testing; however, this noise seems to be temperature dependent, and has not been seen in the current on orbit environment. Strong 91 kHz coherent noise was observed in the redundant (side B) panchromatic band data after the completion of spacecraft thermal vacuum testing. The cause of this coherent noise was identified as a failed capacitor that was replaced prior to launch, and this noise was not seen in the final pre-launch test.

Keywords: Landsat-7, ETM÷, Noise, Radiometry

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 September 1999
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3750, Earth Observing Systems IV, (24 September 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.363534
Show Author Affiliations
Jeffrey A. Pedelty, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Brian L. Markham, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
John L. Barker, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Jennifer C. Seiferth, Raytheon Co. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3750:
Earth Observing Systems IV
William L. Barnes, Editor(s)

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