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Proceedings Paper

High-aspect-ratio two-dimensional silicon subwavelength gratings fabricated by fast atom beam etching
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Paper Abstract

We fabricated 2D subwavelength structured (SWS) surface on crystal silicon and SiO2 substrates. The SWS surface patterns were generated by electron beam lithography and etched by SF6 fast atom beam. In the case of the silicon SWS surface with the period of 150nm, the grating had conical profile and the groove was approximately 350nm deep. The reflectivity was examined at the wavelengths between 200nm and 2500nm. At 400nm, the reflectivity decreased to 0.5 percent from 54.7 percent of the silicon substrate. The reflectivity was also examined for the incident angel with He-Ne laser light. Thus, it was shown that the silicon SWS surface prevented the reflection in the wide ranges of wavelength and incident angle. We also fabricated the hole type SWS surface and the column type SWS surface on silicon substrates. In both types, the grating period was 200nm and the grooves were approximately 275nm deep. Moreover, the SiO2 SWS surface with the period of 150nm was fabricated and the reflectivity was examined at the wavelengths between 200nm and 2500nm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 August 1999
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3874, Micromachining and Microfabrication Process Technology V, (30 August 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.361239
Show Author Affiliations
Yoshiaki Kanamori, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)
Minoru Sasaki, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)
Kazuhiro Hane, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3874:
Micromachining and Microfabrication Process Technology V
James H. Smith; Jean Michel Karam, Editor(s)

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