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Proceedings Paper

Effect of cooling gas on the thermal lens effect of the focusing lens for a high-power CO2 laser
Author(s): Daqing Zhu; Duluo Zuo; Xinjun Zhou; Shimin Li; Jiangong Liu
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Paper Abstract

This paper studies the influence of the cooling gas on the thermal lens effect (TLE) theoretically. It provides a method to calculate the influence of the cooling gas on the temperature of the focusing lens and presents a parameter called relax time of the temperature change (RTTC) of the focusing lens to characterize the temperature change. It studies the change of the laser power density on the surface of workpiece with the time or the cooling gas rate. Cooling gas can reduce the temperature of the lens and make it stable more rapidly. Increasing the flow rate of cooling gas can reduce the TLE greatly, however, it has a limitation. Beyond this limitation, increasing the rate leads to less reducing of the TLE and the RTTC. Double sides cooling is much more efficient than the single side one. Besides, increase of the diameter of the lens can also reduce the RTTC. It also shows that TLE is caused mainly by the change of refractive index of the lens with temperature.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 1999
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 3862, 1999 International Conference on Industrial Lasers, (8 September 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.361175
Show Author Affiliations
Daqing Zhu, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Duluo Zuo, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Xinjun Zhou, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Shimin Li, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Jiangong Liu, Wuhan Iron and Steel Co. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3862:
1999 International Conference on Industrial Lasers

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