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Proceedings Paper

Optimal thermographic procedures for moisture analysis in building materials
Author(s): Elisabetta Rosina; Nicola Ludwig
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Paper Abstract

The presence of moisture in building materials causes damage second only to structural one. NDT are successfully applied to map moisture distribution, to localize the source of water and to determine microclimatic conditions. IR Thermography has the advantage of non-destructive testing while it allows to investigate large surfaces. The measures can be repeated in time to monitor the phenomenon of raising water. Nevertheless the investigation of moisture in walls is one of the less reliable application of Thermography IR applied to cultural heritage preservation. The temperature of the damp areas can be colder than dry ones, because of surface evaporation, or can be warmer, because of the higher thermal inertia of water content versus building materials. The apparent discrepancies between the two results are due to the different microclimatic conditions of the scanning. Aim of the paper is to describe optimal procedures to obtain reliable maps of moisture in building materials, at different environmental and microclimatic conditions. Another goal is the description of the related energetic phenomena, which cause temperature discontinuities, and that are detected by thermography. Active and passive procedures are presented and compared. Case studies show some examples of procedures application.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 September 1999
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3827, Diagnostic Imaging Technologies and Industrial Applications, (10 September 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.361015
Show Author Affiliations
Elisabetta Rosina, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Nicola Ludwig, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3827:
Diagnostic Imaging Technologies and Industrial Applications
Jorma Lammasniemi; Herbert Wiggenhauser; Gerhard Busse; Bruce G. Batchelor; Wolfgang Poelzleitner; Gerd Dobmann, Editor(s)

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