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Proceedings Paper

Development of a mechanistic model for the movement of chemical signatures from buried land mines/UXO
Author(s): Stephen W. Webb; Karsten Pruess; James M. Phelan; Stefan A. Finsterle
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Paper Abstract

The detection and removal of buried landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) is one of the most important problems facing the world today. Numerous detection strategies are being developed, including IR, electrical conductivity, ground- penetrating radar, and chemical sensor. Chemical sensor rely on the detection of explosive chemical molecules, which are transported from buried UXO/landmines by advection and diffusion in the soil. As part of this effort, numerical models are being developed to predict explosive chemical signature transport in soils. Modifications have been made to TOUGH2, a general-purpose porous media flow simulator, for application to the chemical sensing problem resulting in the T2TNT code. Understanding the fate and transport of explosive signature compounds in the solid will affect the design, performance, timing and operation of chemical sensing campaigns by indicating preferred sensing strategies.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 August 1999
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 3710, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets IV, (2 August 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.357048
Show Author Affiliations
Stephen W. Webb, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Karsten Pruess, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (United States)
James M. Phelan, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Stefan A. Finsterle, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3710:
Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets IV
Abinash C. Dubey; James F. Harvey; J. Thomas Broach; Regina E. Dugan, Editor(s)

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