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Proceedings Paper

Huygens-Fresnel wave-optics simulation of atmospheric optical turbulence and reflective speckle in CO2 differential absorption lidar (DIAL)
Author(s): Douglas H. Nelson; Roger R. Petrin; Edward P. MacKerrow; Mark J. Schmitt; Bernard R. Foy; Aaron C. Koskelo; Brian D. McVey; Charles Robert Quick; William M. Porch; Joseph J. Tiee; Charles B. Fite; Frank A. Archuleta; Michael C. Whitehead; Donald L. Walters
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Paper Abstract

The measurement sensitivity of CO2 differential absorption lidar (DIAL) can be affected by a number of different processes. We have previously developed a Huygens- Fresnel wave optics propagation code to simulate the effects of tow of these processes: effects caused by beam propagation through atmospheric optical turbulence and effects caused by reflective speckle. Atmospheric optical turbulence affects the beam distribution of energy and phase on target. These effects include beam spreading, beam wander and scintillation which can result in increased shot-to-shot signal noise. In addition, reflective speckle alone has been shown to have a major impact on the sensitivity of CO2 DiAL. However, in real DiAL systems it is a combination of these phenomena, the interaction of atmospheric optical turbulence and reflective speckle, that influences the results. The performance of our modified code with respect to experimental measurements affected by atmospheric optical turbulence and reflective speckle is examined. The results of computer simulations are directly compared with lidar measurements. The limitations of our model are also discussed. In addition, studies have been performed to determine the importance of key parameters in the simulation. The result of these studies and their impact on the overall results will be presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 August 1999
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3706, Airborne Laser Advanced Technology II, (3 August 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.356949
Show Author Affiliations
Douglas H. Nelson, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Roger R. Petrin, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Edward P. MacKerrow, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Mark J. Schmitt, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Bernard R. Foy, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Aaron C. Koskelo, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Brian D. McVey, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Charles Robert Quick, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
William M. Porch, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Joseph J. Tiee, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Charles B. Fite, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Frank A. Archuleta, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Michael C. Whitehead, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Donald L. Walters, U.S. Naval Postgraduate School (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3706:
Airborne Laser Advanced Technology II
Todd D. Steiner; Paul H. Merritt, Editor(s)

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