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Proceedings Paper

Degrees of freedom of an electromagnetic wave
Author(s): Rafael Piestun; David A. B. Miller
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Paper Abstract

We present a rigorous formalism for evaluating the degrees of freedom (d.o.f.) in communication with electromagnetic waves. We show that, although in principle there is an infinity of d.o.f., the effective number is finite. This is in agreement with the restricted classical theories. We further show that the best transmitting functions are the solutions of a specific eigenvalue equation. The analysis is valid for electromagnetic waves under arbitrary boundary conditions communicating between domains in 3D space. The practical implications of this theory will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 July 1999
PDF: 2 pages
Proc. SPIE 3749, 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, (19 July 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.355035
Show Author Affiliations
Rafael Piestun, Stanford Univ. (United States)
David A. B. Miller, Stanford Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3749:
18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics
Alexander J. Glass; Joseph W. Goodman; Milton Chang; Arthur H. Guenther; Toshimitsu Asakura, Editor(s)

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