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Proceedings Paper

Comparing robust and physics-based sea surface temperature retrievals for high-resolution multispectral thermal sensors using one or multiple looks
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Paper Abstract

With the advent of multi-spectral thermal imagers such as EOS's ASTER high spatial resolution thermal imagery of the Earth's surface will soon be a reality. Previous high resolution sensors such as Landsat 5 had only one spectral channel in the thermal infrared and its utility to determine absolute sea surface temperatures was limited to 6 - 8 K for water warmer than 25 deg C. This inaccuracy resulted from insufficient knowledge of the atmospheric temperature and water vapor, inaccurate sensor calibration, and cooling effects of thin high cirrus clouds. We will present two studies of algorithms and compare their performance. The first algorithm we call `robust' since it retrieves sea surface temperatures accurately over a fairly wide range of atmospheric conditions using linear combinations of nadir and off-nadir brightness temperatures. The second we call `physics-based' because it relies on physics-based models of the atmosphere. It attempts to come up with a unique sea surface temperature which fits one set of atmospheric parameters.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 July 1999
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3717, Algorithms for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery V, (16 July 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.353043
Show Author Affiliations
Christoph C. Borel, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
William B. Clodius, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
John J. Szymanski, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
James P. Theiler, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3717:
Algorithms for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery V
Sylvia S. Shen; Michael R. Descour, Editor(s)

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