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Proceedings Paper

Active PZT fibers: a commercial production process
Author(s): Harold B. Strock; Marina R. Pascucci; Mark V. Parish; Aaron A. Bent; Thomas R. Shrout
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Paper Abstract

Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT) active fibers, from 80 to 250 micrometers in diameter, are produced for the AFOSR/DARPA funded Active Fiber Composites Consortium (AFCC) Program and commercial customers. CeraNova has developed a proprietary ceramics-based technology to produce PZT mono-filaments of the required purity, composition, straightness, and piezoelectric properties for use in active fiber composite structures. CeraNova's process begins with the extrusion of continuous lengths of mono-filament precursor fiber from a plasticized mix of PZT-5A powder. The care that must be taken to avoid mix contamination is described using illustrations form problems experiences with extruder wear and metallic contamination. Corrective actions are described and example microstructures are shown. The consequences of inadequate lead control are also shown. Sintered mono- filament mechanical strength and piezoelectric properties data approach bulk values but the validity of such a benchmark is questioned based on variable correlation with composite performance measures. Comb-like ceramic preform structures are shown that are being developed to minimize process and handling costs while maintaining the required mono-filament straightness necessary for composite fabrication. Lastly, actuation performance data are presented for composite structures fabricated and tested by Continuum Control Corporation. Free strain actuation in excess of 2000 microstrain are observed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 July 1999
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3675, Smart Structures and Materials 1999: Smart Materials Technologies, (12 July 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.352799
Show Author Affiliations
Harold B. Strock, CeraNova Corp. (United States)
Marina R. Pascucci, CeraNova Corp. (United States)
Mark V. Parish, CeraNova Corp. (United States)
Aaron A. Bent, Continuum Control Corp. (United States)
Thomas R. Shrout, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3675:
Smart Structures and Materials 1999: Smart Materials Technologies
Manfred R. Wuttig, Editor(s)

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