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Proceedings Paper

Image segmentation using wavelet-domain classification
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Paper Abstract

We introduce a new image texture segmentation algorithm, HMTseg, based on wavelet-domain hidden Markov tree (HMT) models. The HMT model is a tree-structured probabilistic graph that captures the statistical properties of wavelet coefficients. Since the HMT is particularly well suited to images containing singularities, it provides a good classifier for textures. Utilizing the inherent tree structure of the wavelet HMT and its fast training and likelihood computation algorithms, we perform multiscale texture classification at various scales. Since HMTseg works on the wavelet transform of the image, it can directly segment wavelet-compressed images, without the need for decompression. We demonstrate the performance of HMTseg with synthetic, aerial photo, and document image segmentations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 June 1999
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 3816, Mathematical Modeling, Bayesian Estimation, and Inverse Problems, (25 June 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.351325
Show Author Affiliations
Hyeokho Choi, Rice Univ. (United States)
Richard G. Baraniuk, Rice Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3816:
Mathematical Modeling, Bayesian Estimation, and Inverse Problems
Françoise J. Prêteux; Ali Mohammad-Djafari; Edward R. Dougherty, Editor(s)

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