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Proceedings Paper

Characteristics of sputtered TaX absorbers for x-ray mask
Author(s): Jeng Tzong Sheu; A. Chu; J. H. Ding; Shyang Su
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Paper Abstract

The materials of x-ray absorbers for x-ray mask have been changed from gold and tungsten-based alloys to tantalum (Ta) and Ta-based compounds in x-ray lithography. Different candidates of x-ray absorber, especially Ta-based compounds, were sputtered and evaluated in this study. By incorporating silicon or germanium into tantalum, amorphous TaSi-based and TaGe-based compounds were formed and qualified as the absorber materials. Because the reproducibility of as- deposited stress by tuning the sputtering parameters is not so well for these compounds right after sputtering, we utilized the step annealing by RTA to control the stress such that within +/- MPa is obtainable. Furthermore, with N2 plasma treatment in PECVD chamber the slope of stress with respect to annealing temperature is smaller and posses good stability after long-time exposure to the air. Finally, the etching properties of TaX compounds were compared with and without tri-layer structure of oxide/absorber/oxide. And, 0.35 micrometers patterns are etched successfully with vertical sidewall by Cl2 etchant.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 June 1999
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 3676, Emerging Lithographic Technologies III, (25 June 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.351128
Show Author Affiliations
Jeng Tzong Sheu, Synchrotron Radiation Research Ctr. (Taiwan)
A. Chu, National Chiao-Tung Univ. (Taiwan)
J. H. Ding, National Nano Device Lab. (Taiwan)
Shyang Su, National Chiao-Tung Univ. (Taiwan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3676:
Emerging Lithographic Technologies III
Yuli Vladimirsky, Editor(s)

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