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Proceedings Paper

Laser treatment of nevus flammus (port-wine stain) with spectroscopic feedback: the smart scalpel
Author(s): Elizabeth L. Sebern; Colin J. H. Brenan; R. Rox Anderson; Ian Warwick Hunter
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Paper Abstract

While feedback control is widespread throughout many engineering fields, surgical instruments with embedded feedback control systems are uncommon. To improve the effectiveness of microsurgical techniques, we are presently developing a semi-autonomous robotic surgical tool as an alternative approach to treatment of skin hemangiomas like nevus flammus. Current PWS phototherapy relies on selective absorption of optical radiation by the ectatic blood vessels in a PWS resulting in thermally-mediated vessel necrosis. Although shown to be effective,heating of the surrounding tissue by photon absorption results in unacceptable collateral damage. The 'Smart Scalpel' approach employs optical reflectance spectroscopy to selectively target blood vessels in a PWS for heating with a focused laser beam. Collateral damage to adjacent tissue is substantially minimized and continuous imaging throughout the procedure allows modification of the delivered therapy to optimize therapeutic outcomes. Our work reported here involves optical system design and construction, initial quantification of imaging system resolution and contrast, and preliminary verification of the imaging and targeting strategies.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 June 1999
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3590, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems IX, (22 June 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.350984
Show Author Affiliations
Elizabeth L. Sebern, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States)
Colin J. H. Brenan, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States)
R. Rox Anderson, Wellman Labs. of Photomedicine and Massachusetts General Hospital (United States)
Ian Warwick Hunter, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3590:
Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems IX
Kenton W. Gregory; R. Rox Anderson; David S. Robinson; Reza S. Malek; Lou Reinisch; Darryl J. Bornhop; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Lloyd P. Tate; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Eugene A. Trowers; Aaron P. Perlmutter; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; Lawrence S. Bass; Darryl J. Bornhop; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Kenton W. Gregory; Nikiforos Kollias; Harvey Lui; Reza S. Malek; Aaron P. Perlmutter; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Lou Reinisch; David S. Robinson; Lloyd P. Tate; Eugene A. Trowers, Editor(s)

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