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Proceedings Paper

Temperature measurements during laser skin welding
Author(s): Nathaniel M. Fried; Bernard Choi; Ashley J. Welch; Joseph T. Walsh
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Paper Abstract

A thermal camera was used to measure surface temperatures during laser skin welding to provide feedback for optimization of the laser parameters. Two-cm-long, full- thickness incisions were made in guinea pig skin. India ink was used as an absorber. Continuous-wave, 1.06-μm, Nd:YAG laser radiation was scanned over the incisions, producing a pulse duration of approximately 100 ms. Cooling durations between scans of 1.6, 4.0, and 8.0 s were studied with total operation times of 3, 5, and 10 min, respectively. A laser spot diameter of 5 mm was used with the power constant at 10 W. Thermal images were obtained at 30 frames per second with a thermal camera detecting 3.5 micrometers radiation. Surface temperatures were recorded at 0, 1, and 6 mm from the center line of the incision. Cooling durations between scans of 1.6 s and 4.0 s in vitro resulted in temperatures at the weld site remaining above ~65°C for prolonged periods of time. Cooling durations between scans as long as 8.0 s were sufficient both in vitro and in vivo to prevent a significant rise in baseline temperatures at the weld site over time.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 June 1999
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3590, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems IX, (22 June 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.350953
Show Author Affiliations
Nathaniel M. Fried, Johns Hopkins Univ. and Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Bernard Choi, Univ. of Texas/Austin (United States)
Ashley J. Welch, Univ. of Texas/Austin (United States)
Joseph T. Walsh, Northwestern Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3590:
Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems IX
Kenton W. Gregory; R. Rox Anderson; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; Lawrence S. Bass; Darryl J. Bornhop; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Kenton W. Gregory; Nikiforos Kollias; Harvey Lui; Reza S. Malek; Aaron P. Perlmutter; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Lou Reinisch; David S. Robinson; Lloyd P. Tate; Eugene A. Trowers; David S. Robinson; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Reza S. Malek; Aaron P. Perlmutter; Lou Reinisch; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Darryl J. Bornhop; Eugene A. Trowers; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; Lloyd P. Tate, Editor(s)

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