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Proceedings Paper

Ultrasonic biomicroscopy in ophthalmology and eye banking
Author(s): George O. D. Rosenwasser
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Paper Abstract

Echography has become a valuable diagnostic tool in ophthalmology. Ultrasonic biomicroscopy (UBM) in particular may be applied to the evaluation of small lesions of the anterior segment of the eye. Disease processes such as conjunctival and iris melanoma, other forms of neoplasia, intraocular cysts, narrow angle glaucoma, and intraocular foreign bodies can be diagnostically evaluated and followed longitudinally by UBM. Combining UBM with spectroscopy may become useful in determining cell type origins of a variety of tumors. Eye banking also has an increased need for UBM in corneal tissue banking. The recent development of the Laser In Situ Keratomileusis procedure has allowed corneal surgeries to create a partial thickness flap of tissue in the cornea, remove tissue from the base of the cornea with excimer laser ablation, and replace the hinged flap. This causes a substantial change in refractive error while thinning the cornea and leaving an interface within the corneal stroma. The ability to detect this type of surgery is essential in eye banking. Ultrasonic pachymetry to determine central thickness and biomicroscopy to detect the presence of an interface are essential in avoiding the use of these corneas for transplantation purposes. Determining the topography of the preserved corneas is another potential application for ultrasonography. Using this information to reduce optical aberration after transplant is crucial in improving visual performance post transplantation. A review of the anatomy of the eye, pathology of ocular diseases relevant to UBM, and principles of eye banking will be presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 June 1999
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 3664, Medical Imaging 1999: Ultrasonic Transducer Engineering, (21 June 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.350678
Show Author Affiliations
George O. D. Rosenwasser, Penn State Geisinger Health System (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3664:
Medical Imaging 1999: Ultrasonic Transducer Engineering
K. Kirk Shung, Editor(s)

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