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Proceedings Paper

Wireless measurement of tire pressure with passive quartz sensors
Author(s): Rainer Grossmann
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Paper Abstract

The air pressure in the tires of a vehicle affects its stability, handling and braking and may contribute to causing an accident. Under-inflated tires increase fuel consumption. Existing measurement systems for the monitoring of the tire pressure use active sensors which need a battery or bulky energy transmission. This work shows a new approach: Quartz crystals as sensors can operate passively, without energy supply, by giving an echo to a stimulus pulse. Strain influences the otherwise extremely stable natural frequency of a quartz crystal which is therefore ideally suited for pressure measurements. As the natural frequency lies in the Megahertz range, stimulation and response can be transmitted by a pair of small antennas. A wireless measurement system has been built with excellent accuracy and resolution and a lightweight sensor which is very reliable and in principle maintenance-free.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 May 1999
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3670, Smart Structures and Materials 1999: Sensory Phenomena and Measurement Instrumentation for Smart Structures and Materials, (31 May 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.349732
Show Author Affiliations
Rainer Grossmann, Technical Univ. of Munich (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3670:
Smart Structures and Materials 1999: Sensory Phenomena and Measurement Instrumentation for Smart Structures and Materials
Richard O. Claus; William B. Spillman Jr., Editor(s)

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