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Proceedings Paper

New calibration technique for KCD-based megavoltage imaging
Author(s): Sanjiv S. Samant; Wei Zheng; Frank A. DiBianca; Herbert D. Zeman; Joseph S. Laughter
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Paper Abstract

In megavoltage imaging, current commercial electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs), despite having the advantage of immediate digital imaging over film, suffer from poor image contrast and spatial resolution. The feasibility of using a kinestatic charge detector (KCD) as an EPID to provide superior image contrast and spatial resolution for portal imaging has already been demonstrated in a previous paper. The KCD system had the additional advantage of requiring an extremely low dose per acquired image, allowing for superior imaging to be reconstructed form a single linac pulse per image pixel. The KCD based images utilized a dose of two orders of magnitude less that for EPIDs and film. Compared with the current commercial EPIDs and film, the prototype KCD system exhibited promising image qualities, despite being handicapped by the use of a relatively simple image calibration technique, and the performance limits of medical linacs on the maximum linac pulse frequency and energy flux per pulse delivered. This image calibration technique fixed relative image pixel values based on a linear interpolation of extrema provided by an air-water calibration, and accounted only for channel-to-channel variations. The counterpart of this for area detectors is the standard flat fielding method. A comprehensive calibration protocol has been developed. The new technique additionally corrects for geometric distortions due to variations in the scan velocity, and timing artifacts caused by mis-synchronization between the linear accelerator and the data acquisition system (DAS). The role of variations in energy flux (2 - 3%) on imaging is demonstrated to be not significant for the images considered. The methodology is presented, and the results are discussed for simulated images. It also allows for significant improvements in the signal-to- noise ratio (SNR) by increasing the dose using multiple images without having to increase the linac pulse frequency or energy flux per pulse. The application of this protocol to a KCD system under construction is expected shortly.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 May 1999
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 3659, Medical Imaging 1999: Physics of Medical Imaging, (28 May 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.349559
Show Author Affiliations
Sanjiv S. Samant, St. Jude's Children's Research Hospital and Univ. of Tennessee/Memphis (United States)
Wei Zheng, Univ. of Tennessee/Memphis (United States)
Frank A. DiBianca, Univ. of Tennessee/Memphis (United States)
Herbert D. Zeman, Univ. of Tennessee/Memphis (United States)
Joseph S. Laughter, Univ. of Tennessee/Memphis (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3659:
Medical Imaging 1999: Physics of Medical Imaging
John M. Boone; James T. Dobbins, Editor(s)

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