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Proceedings Paper

Approach to standardizing MR image intensity scale
Author(s): Laszlo G. Nyul; Jayaram K. Udupa
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Paper Abstract

Despite the many advantages of MR images, they lack a standard image intensity scale. MR image intensity ranges and the meaning of intensity values vary even for the same protocol (P) and the same body region (D). This causes many difficulties in image display and analysis. We propose a two-step method for standardizing the intensity scale in such a way that for the same P and D, similar intensities will have similar meanings. In the first step, the parameters of the standardizing transformation are 'learned' from an image set. In the second step, for each MR study, these parameters are used to map their histogram into the standardized histogram. The method was tested quantitatively on 90 whole brain FSE T2, PD and T1 studies of MS patients and qualitatively on several other SE PD, T2 and SPGR studies of the grain and foot. Measurements using mean squared difference showed that the standardized image intensities have statistically significantly more consistent range and meaning than the originals. Fixed windows can be established for standardized imags and used for display without the need of per case adjustment. Preliminary results also indicate that the method facilitates improving the degree of automation of image segmentation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 May 1999
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3658, Medical Imaging 1999: Image Display, (26 May 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.349472
Show Author Affiliations
Laszlo G. Nyul, Univ. of Pennsylvania (Hungary)
Jayaram K. Udupa, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3658:
Medical Imaging 1999: Image Display
Seong Ki Mun; Yongmin Kim, Editor(s)

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