Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

Analysis of cytoskeleton dynamics and cell migration in drosophila ovaries using GFP-actin and E-cadherin-GFP fusion molecules
Author(s): Vladyslav V. Verkhusha; Shoichiro Tsukita; Hiroki Oda
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00

Paper Abstract

Coordination of cell migration and adhesion is essential for movement of tissues during morphogenesis. During Drosophila oogenesis so called border cells (BCs) break from an anterior epithelium of egg chamber, acquire a mesenchymal-like morphology, and migrate posteriorly between nurse cells to oocyte. The confocal microscopic observation of BCs has revealed well-developed forepart lamellipodium stained with Drosophila E-cadherin (DE-cadherin), PS2 integrin, cytoplasmic myosin and F-actin. To investigate mechanism of BC migration in vivo we have constructed a DE-cadherin-GFP and a GFP-actin fusion proteins and induced their expression BCs utilizing the UAS/GAL4 system. The DE-cadherin-GFP signal as well as immunostaining of PS2 integrin visualized a track of migrating BCs providing an evidence that adhesive molecules are pulled out and left behind on the surface of nurse cells. Our data suggest that two distinct adhesive systems, DE-cadherins and PS2 integrins simultaneously mediate the migration of BCs. Release of adhesive contacts in the tail region is a rate- limited event in BC migration. The spatial-temporal sequence of actin-based events visualized by the GFP-actin suggest a treadmilling model for actin behavior in BC lamellipodium. BC migration can be considered as simultaneous reiterating processes of lamellipodium extension and adhesive attachment, cytoskeletal contraction, and rear detachment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 1999
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3604, Optical Diagnostics of Living Cells II, (1 June 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.349190
Show Author Affiliations
Vladyslav V. Verkhusha, Japan Science & Technology Corp. (Japan)
Shoichiro Tsukita, Japan Science & Technology Corp. and Faculty of Medicine/Kyoto Univ. (Japan)
Hiroki Oda, Japan Science & Technology Corp. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3604:
Optical Diagnostics of Living Cells II
Daniel L. Farkas; Robert C. Leif; Bruce J. Tromberg, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top