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Proceedings Paper

Blood gas monitoring using microflow colorimetry
Author(s): Christopher Cooney; Bruce C. Towe
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Paper Abstract

Optical monitoring of blood gas concentrations is achieved using sub microliter quantities of a colorimetric indicator continuously perfused through microdialysis hollow fiber membranes in blood contact. The hollow fiber membranes, selected based on their permeabilities in blood, are silicone for both oxygen and carbon dioxide sensing, and cuproammonium rayon for pH sensing. A sweep fluid passed through the lumen of these fibers undergoes a diffusive equilibrium with the blood and then is continuously mixed with an indicator. A 450 nm gallium nitride LED is used to excite an oxygen-sensitive fluorophore, ruthenium tris-(2,2'-bipyridyl) II dichloride, which has a 620 nm emission peak that is analyzed with an orange coated photodetector. Gallium phosphide 555 nm LEDs are used to excite the 550 nm absorbance peak of phenol red for pH measurement and phenol red in a 35 mM bicarbonate buffer for CO2 measurement. Accurate measurement of small absorbance and fluorescence changes using small bore capillary tubes allows good resolution of biochemical concentrations. Continuous replenishment of the indicator by flow lends itself to a stable method of biochemical analysis that has potential for long term performance. In vitro buffer studies demonstrate a resolution of plus or minus 0.5 mmHg for pCO2, a plus or minus 1.5 mmHg for pO2, and a plus or minus 0.003 pH.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 May 1999
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3599, Optical Diagnostics of Biological Fluids IV, (17 May 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.348373
Show Author Affiliations
Christopher Cooney, Arizona State Univ. (United States)
Bruce C. Towe, Arizona State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3599:
Optical Diagnostics of Biological Fluids IV
Alexander V. Priezzhev; Toshimitsu Asakura, Editor(s)

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