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Proceedings Paper

Clinical validation of the use of fluorescence for the early detection of dental caries
Author(s): George K. Stookey; Roger L. Isaacs; Andrea G. Ferreira Zandona; Masatoshi Ando; Carlos Gonzalez; Melissa S. Mau; Sue A. Kelly; Mostafa Analoui
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Paper Abstract

A clinical investigation was conducted in children to validate the use of fluorescence for the early detection of dental caries. A total of 150 children were examined for the presence of dental caries at baseline and at 4-month intervals for one year using conventional visual-tactile with and without a dental explorer, electrical conductivity and light fluorescence methods on the occlusal, buccal and lingual tooth surfaces. Interproximal tooth surfaces were examined using conventional film and direct digital radiography at baseline and 12 months. Validation of the clinical methods was performed by the histologic examination of exfoliated primary teeth. The results indicate that visual-tactile examinations with an explorer detected more carious lesions than similar examinations without an explorer. The use of quantitative light fluorescence permitted the detection of a substantially greater number of enamel lesions or demineralized areas than the conventional visual-tactile-radiographic diagnostic procedure. Further, the use of the quantitative light fluorescence permitted the monitoring of both the progression of regression of early carious lesions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 May 1999
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 3593, Lasers in Dentistry V, (19 May 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.348343
Show Author Affiliations
George K. Stookey, Indiana Univ. School of Dentistry (United States)
Roger L. Isaacs, Indiana Univ. School of Dentistry (United States)
Andrea G. Ferreira Zandona, Indiana Univ. School of Dentistry (United States)
Masatoshi Ando, Indiana Univ. School of Dentistry (United States)
Carlos Gonzalez, Indiana Univ. School of Dentistry (United States)
Melissa S. Mau, Indiana Univ. School of Dentistry (United States)
Sue A. Kelly, Indiana Univ. School of Dentistry (United States)
Mostafa Analoui, Indiana Univ. School of Dentistry (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3593:
Lasers in Dentistry V
John D. B. Featherstone; Peter Rechmann; Daniel Fried, Editor(s)

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