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Proceedings Paper

Scanning electron microscope and dye penetration test: comparison of root canal preparation with 15 F CO2 laser microprobe versus conventional method--in vivo study
Author(s): Gavriel Kesler; Rumelia Koren; Anat Kesler; Nissim Hay; Rivka Gal
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Paper Abstract

The study was conducted on 30 vital maxillary or mandibulary teeth destined for extraction due to periodontal problems. 21 were experimentally treated with pulsed CO2 laser delivered by a newly developed fiber and 9 teeth represented the control group. The micro probe is a flexible, hollow, metal fiber, 300 μm in diameter and 20 mm in length, coupled onto a handpiece, with the following radiation parameters: wavelength-10.6μm; pulse duration-50m.sec; energy per pulses 0.25 joule; energy density-360 J/cm2 per pulse; power on tissue-5W. The laser group was divided into three, receiving 20, 40 or 60 pulses, respectively. On light microscopy: in all the control group cases, large amount of residual pulp tissue was seen, it was diminished in some of the low energy group and was totally eradicated in the high energy group. This was confirmed by the scanning electron microscope (SEM) examination. The dentin tubuli were partly occluded with the low energy levels and completely with the high levels, as shown by the high-speed centrifuge dye penetration test and by the SEM tests.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 May 1999
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3593, Lasers in Dentistry V, (19 May 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.348335
Show Author Affiliations
Gavriel Kesler, Dental Clinic Ctr. (Israel)
Rumelia Koren, Hasharon Hospital(Israel) and Sackler Faculty of Medicine/Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)
Anat Kesler, Sapir Medical Ctr. (Israel) and Sackler Faculty of Medicine/Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)
Nissim Hay, Sharplan Lasers (United States)
Rivka Gal, Hasharon Hospital (Israel) and Sackler Faculty of Medicine/Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3593:
Lasers in Dentistry V
John D. B. Featherstone; Peter Rechmann; Daniel Fried, Editor(s)

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