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Proceedings Paper

Developments and applications of confocal theta microscopy
Author(s): Frank-Martin Haar; Jim Swoger; Ernst H.K. Stelzer
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Paper Abstract

Confocal theta microscopy improves the resolution of confocal laser scanning microscopes by solving the problem of the inferior axial resolution instrumentally. The specimens are observed at an angle theta relative to the illumination axis (ideally 90 degrees). The resulting observation volume, defined by the product of illumination and detection point spread functions (PSFs), is reduced by 2.5 and has an isotropic shape. Single-Lens Theta Microscopy (SLTM) is a technical variation of confocal theta microscopy. It is designed to be easily adapted to any common confocal laser scanning microscope. It is based on the use of a mirror unit between the microscope objective lens and its focal plane. This mirror unit deflects the incoming and outcoming light in such a way, that the detection axis is perpendicular to the illumination axis. With SLTM different kinds of other microscopical techniques (such as 4Pi microscopy) are possible. The quantitative evaluation of physical test systems underline the feasibility of SLTM and prove the excellent resolution. The extensions of the experimentally determined point spread functions fit well with the predicted theoretical values. The technique was applied to the investigation of GFP labelled organelles in HeLa cells as well as for the analysis of embryos.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 May 1999
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3605, Three-Dimensional and Multidimensional Microscopy: Image Acquisition and Processing VI, (6 May 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.347589
Show Author Affiliations
Frank-Martin Haar, European Molecular Biology Lab. (Germany)
Jim Swoger, European Molecular Biology Lab. (Germany)
Ernst H.K. Stelzer, European Molecular Biology Lab. (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3605:
Three-Dimensional and Multidimensional Microscopy: Image Acquisition and Processing VI
Dario Cabib; Carol J. Cogswell; Jose-Angel Conchello; Jeremy M. Lerner; Tony Wilson, Editor(s)

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