Proceedings PaperFundamental limits of three-dimensional sensing (or: nature makes no presents)
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We will discuss some physical limits of 3D-sensors that work on ''rough'' surfaces. An important result is that the most frequently used principles (laser triangulation and focus sensing with projected light spots) cannot achieve a better depth resolution than given by the Rayleigh depth of field. However we can achieve ''superresolution'' in depth by sacrificing lateral resolution: There is an ''uncertainty relation'' between lateral and longitudinal resolution. 1 .