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Proceedings Paper

VCSEL-based modules for optical interconnects
Author(s): Eva M. Strzelecka; Robert A. Morgan; Yue Liu; B. Walterson; J. Skogen; Edith Kalweit; S. Bounak; H. Chanhvongsak; Terry Marta; D. Skogman; Jim Nohava; J. Gieske; John A. Lehman; Mary K. Hibbs-Brenner
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Paper Abstract

We present characteristics of 850-nm oxide confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) developed for applications in optical parallel data links and free- space optical interconnects. Low threshold currents of less than 200 (mu) A, wall-plug efficiencies approaching 30%, operating voltages of less than 2 V for 1 mW of optical power, and operation over a wide temperature range, up to 190 degree(s)C, are demonstrated. We optimized VCSEL arrays for operation at elevated temperatures for use in dense free- space interconnects. Excellent performance uniformity-optical power of 1 +/- 0.1 mW at a drive current of 3 mA-across a 20 X 20 array was achieved at 75 degree(s)C. We integrated 2D top emitting VCSEL arrays with top- illuminated metal-semiconductor-metal detectors for future use with CMOS integrated circuits. We discuss design issues encountered in VCSEL-based modules for optical interconnects.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 April 1999
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3627, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers III, (29 April 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.347087
Show Author Affiliations
Eva M. Strzelecka, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)
Robert A. Morgan, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)
Yue Liu, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)
B. Walterson, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)
J. Skogen, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)
Edith Kalweit, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)
S. Bounak, Honeywell Technology Ctr. and Naval Research Lab. (United States)
H. Chanhvongsak, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)
Terry Marta, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)
D. Skogman, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)
Jim Nohava, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)
J. Gieske, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)
John A. Lehman, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)
Mary K. Hibbs-Brenner, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3627:
Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers III
Kent D. Choquette; Chun Lei, Editor(s)

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