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Proceedings Paper

Real-time telemedicine using shared three-dimensional workspaces over ATM
Author(s): Peter Cahoon; David R. Forsey; Susan Hutchison
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Paper Abstract

During the past five years a high speed ATM network has been developed at UBC that provides a campus testbed, a local testbed to the hospitals, and a National testbed between here and the BADLAB in Ottawa. This testbed has been developed to combine a commercial shared audio/video/whiteboard environment coupled with a shared interactive 3-dimensional solid model. This solid model ranges from a skull reconstructed from a CT scan with muscles and an overlying skin, to a model of the ventricle system of the human brain. Typical interactions among surgeon, radiologist and modeler consist of having image slices of the original scan shared by all and the ability to adjust the surface of the model to conform to each individuals perception of what the final object should look like. The purpose of this interaction can range from forensic reconstruction from partial remains to pre-maxillofacial surgery. A joint project with the forensic unit of the R.C.M.P. in Ottawa using the BADLAB is now in the stages of testing this methodology on a real case beginning with a CT scan of partial remains. A second study underway with the department of Maxiofacial reconstruction at Dalhousie University in Halifax Nova Scotia and concerns a subject who is about to undergo orthognathic surgery, in particular a mandibular advancement. This subject has been MRI scanned, a solid model constructed of the mandible and the virtual surgery constructed on the model. This model and the procedure have been discussed and modified by the modeler and the maxillofacial specialist using these shared workspaces. The procedure will be repeated after the actual surgery to verify the modeled procedure. The advantage of this technique is that none of the specialists need be in the same room, or city. Given the scarcity of time and specialists this methodology shows great promise. In November of this last year a shared live demonstration of this facial modeler was done between Vancouver and Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. With a fixed bandwidth of 40 mbits/s the latency was 80 msec. Currently an arbiter is being written to permit up to 10 individuals to join or exit the interactive workspace during a live session.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 March 1999
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 3643, Visual Data Exploration and Analysis VI, (25 March 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.342842
Show Author Affiliations
Peter Cahoon, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
David R. Forsey, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Susan Hutchison, Dalhousie Univ. (Canada)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3643:
Visual Data Exploration and Analysis VI
Robert F. Erbacher; Philip C. Chen; Craig M. Wittenbrink, Editor(s)

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