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Proceedings Paper

Wood texture classification by fuzzy neural networks
Author(s): Adilson Gonzaga; Celso Aparecido de Franca; Annie France Frere
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Paper Abstract

The majority of scientific papers focusing on wood classification for pencil manufacturing take into account defects and visual appearance. Traditional methodologies are base don texture analysis by co-occurrence matrix, by image modeling, or by tonal measures over the plate surface. In this work, we propose to classify plates of wood without biological defects like insect holes, nodes, and cracks, by analyzing their texture. By this methodology we divide the plate image in several rectangular windows or local areas and reduce the number of gray levels. From each local area, we compute the histogram of difference sand extract texture features, given them as input to a Local Neuro-Fuzzy Network. Those features are from the histogram of differences instead of the image pixels due to their better performance and illumination independence. Among several features like media, contrast, second moment, entropy, and IDN, the last three ones have showed better results for network training. Each LNN output is taken as input to a Partial Neuro-Fuzzy Network (PNFN) classifying a pencil region on the plate. At last, the outputs from the PNFN are taken as input to a Global Fuzzy Logic doing the plate classification. Each pencil classification within the plate is done taking into account each quality index.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 March 1999
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3647, Applications of Artificial Neural Networks in Image Processing IV, (9 March 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.341113
Show Author Affiliations
Adilson Gonzaga, Univ. de Sao Paulo (Brazil)
Celso Aparecido de Franca, Univ. de Sao Paulo (Brazil)
Annie France Frere, Univ. de Mogi das Cruzes (Brazil)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3647:
Applications of Artificial Neural Networks in Image Processing IV
Nasser M. Nasrabadi; Aggelos K. Katsaggelos, Editor(s)

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