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Proceedings Paper

Assessment of the performance of rigid pavement back-calculation through finite element modeling
Author(s): Samir N. Shoukry; Gergis W. William; David R. Martinelli
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Paper Abstract

This study focuses on examining the behavior of rigid pavement layers during the Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) test. Factors affecting the design of a concrete slab, such as whether the joints are doweled or undoweled and the spacing between the transverse joints, were considered in this study. Explicit finite element analysis was employed to investigate pavement layers' responses to the action of the impulse of the FWD test. Models of various dimensions were developed to satisfy the factors under consideration. The accuracy of the finite element models developed in this investigation was verified by comparing the finite element- generated deflection basin with that experimentally measured during an actual test. The results showed that the measured deflection basin can be reproduced through finite element modeling of the pavement structure. The resulting deflection basins from the use FE modeling was processed in order to backcalculate pavement layer moduli. This approach provides a method for the evaluation of the performance of existing backcalculation programs which are based on static elastic layer analysis. Based upon the previous studies conducted for the selection of software, three different backcalculation programs were chosen for the evaluation: MODULUS5.0, EVERCALC4.0, and MODCOMP3. The results indicate that ignoring the dynamic nature of the load may lead to crude results, especially during backcalculation procedures.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 February 1999
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3587, Nondestructive Evaluation of Bridges and Highways III, (1 February 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.339920
Show Author Affiliations
Samir N. Shoukry, West Virginia Univ. (United States)
Gergis W. William, West Virginia Univ. (United States)
David R. Martinelli, West Virginia Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3587:
Nondestructive Evaluation of Bridges and Highways III
Steven B. Chase, Editor(s)

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