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Proceedings Paper

Large-area hyphenated fiber optic chemical sensor platforms
Author(s): Mary Bliss; Richard A. Craig; Jay W. Grate; Steven N. Kaganove; Norman C. Anheier; Debra S. Barnett
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Paper Abstract

The ability to collect broadband spectroscopic information about chemical analytes is highly desirable. We report on a technique that combines chemically selective coatings and optical spectroscopy. A 1-meter fiber 150 micrometers in diameter has approximately 5 cm2 surface area. This entire surface is used by incorporating selective moieties into the fiber cladding. The Large-Area Chemical Sensor concept for chemical sensing and measurement is based on a combination of three techniques. Specifically, it uses: (1) optical waveguides as the sensor substrate, (2) selectively adsorbing or absorbing materials to concentrate the target materials, and (3) spectroscopic interrogation for verification and quantification. The concept has been demonstrated for an iodine sensor by co-polymerizing methyl, phenyl siloxane into di-methyl siloxane. The phenyl group forms a charge-transfer complex with iodine which has an absorption at ca. 500 nm. Fused silica is the waveguide core. This system provides sensitivities in the 10-ppm range. The concept has been implemented into a prototype field iodine sensor unit. Work on the sensor concept continues with the goal of improving the sensitivity by allowing each photon multiple opportunities to interact with a target molecule.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 February 1999
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 3540, Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors X, (23 February 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.339786
Show Author Affiliations
Mary Bliss, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Richard A. Craig, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Jay W. Grate, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Steven N. Kaganove, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Norman C. Anheier, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Debra S. Barnett, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3540:
Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Fiber Sensors X
Robert A. Lieberman, Editor(s)

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