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Proceedings Paper

Diode laser measurements of HF concentrations from heptane/air pan fires extinguished by FE-36 and FE-36 plus ammonium polyphosphate
Author(s): R. Reed Skaggs; Robert G. Daniel; Andrzej W. Miziolek; Kevin L. McNesby; Craig Herud; William R. Bolt; Donald Horton
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Paper Abstract

Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy is used to measure the time evolution of hydrogen fluoride concentrations produce from a series of enclosed heptane/air pan fires extinguished by FE-36 or FE-36 plus ammonium polyphosphate (APP). Recent advances in room temperature fiber coupled, near-IR diode lasers provide isolation of the laser and signal processing electronics from the hostile sampling site. For the fires studied, the change in HF gas concentration with time is dependent upon the fire fighting chemical used to extinguish the fire. The presence of APP is observed to accelerate the dissipation of HF from the fire enclosure. Visible attenuation spectroscopy is also used to measure the amount of light attenuation that occurs as a hand held fire extinguisher containing powder fire fighting agents released in the crew space of a M1-Abrams land combat vehicle. Obscuration test demonstrate that release of APP from extinguishers in an occupied space does not present a visibility challenge to the vehicle personnel.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 January 1999
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3535, Advanced Sensors and Monitors for Process Industries and the Environment, (22 January 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.337463
Show Author Affiliations
R. Reed Skaggs, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
Robert G. Daniel, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
Andrzej W. Miziolek, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
Kevin L. McNesby, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
Craig Herud, U.S. Army Aberdeen Test Ctr. (United States)
William R. Bolt, U.S. Army Aberdeen Test Ctr. (United States)
Donald Horton, U.S. Army Aberdeen Test Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3535:
Advanced Sensors and Monitors for Process Industries and the Environment
Wim A. de Groot, Editor(s)

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