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Proceedings Paper

Locally weighted regression for accessing a database containing wheat grain NIR transmission spectra and grain quality parameters
Author(s): Douglas D. Archibald; David B. Funk; Franklin E. Barton II
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Paper Abstract

Networks of NIR transmission spectrometers operating in the range 850 to 1050 nm are used worldwide to determine wheat grain quality parameters such as protein content. These instrumental system often require maintenance of calibrations for each grain class, and updating of calibrations for each crop year. In order to facilitate annual updates nd eliminate the need for multiple wheat class calibration models, this laboratory is pursuing a modeling strategy that uses locally weighted regression (LWR) to access a spectral database. With LWR, the calibration model defines the procedure to access the database and calculate the prediction, and this model can potentially remain the same for all classes and crop years. Incorporation of new sample variation is accomplished by new additions to the spectral database. Details are presented on development of an NIR model for determination of protein in multiple wheat-classes using the LWR approach with Y- distance weighting. This model is compared with a linear partial least-squares regression model spanning the same diverse set of samples. Initial steps were taken to validate these models with spectra measured on seven instruments at two remote locations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 January 1999
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3543, Precision Agriculture and Biological Quality, (14 January 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.336876
Show Author Affiliations
Douglas D. Archibald, USDA Agricultural Research Service (United States)
David B. Funk, USDA Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (United States)
Franklin E. Barton II, USDA Agricultural Research Service (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3543:
Precision Agriculture and Biological Quality
George E. Meyer; James A. DeShazer, Editor(s)

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