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Proceedings Paper

Mapping of explosive contamination using GC/chemiluminescence and ion mobility spectrometry techniques
Author(s): Carla J. Miller; D. F. Glenn; Steven D. Hartenstein; Susan F. Hallowell
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Paper Abstract

Recent efforts at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) have included mapping explosive contamination resulting from manufacturing and carrying improvised explosive devices (IEDs). Two types of trace detection equipment were used to determine levels of contamination from designated sampling areas. A total of twenty IEDs were constructed: ten using TNT and ten using C-4. Two test scenarios were used. The first scenario tracked the activities of a manufacturer who straps the device onto an independent courier. The courier then performed a series of activities to simulate waiting in an airport. The second scenario tracked the activities of a manufacturer who also served as the courier. A sample set for each test consisted of thirty samples from various locations on each IED manufacturer, thirty from each IED courier, twenty-five from the manufacturing area, and twenty-five from the courier area. Pre-samples and post-samples were collected for analysis with each detection technique. Samples analyzed by gc/chemiluminescence were taken by swiping a teflon- coated sampling swipe across the surface of the sampling area to pick up any explosive particles. Samples analyzed by ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) were taken from the clothing of the manufacturer and courier by vacuuming the surface and collecting particulates on a fiberglass filter. Samples for IMS analysis from the manufacturing and courier rooms were taken by wiping a cotton sampling swipe across the surface area. Currently, building IEDs and monitoring the explosive contamination is being directed toward detection with portal monitors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 December 1998
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3575, Enforcement and Security Technologies, (28 December 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.335005
Show Author Affiliations
Carla J. Miller, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab. (United States)
D. F. Glenn, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab. (United States)
Steven D. Hartenstein, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab. (United States)
Susan F. Hallowell, Federal Aviation Administration Technical Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3575:
Enforcement and Security Technologies
A. Trent DePersia; John J. Pennella, Editor(s)

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