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Proceedings Paper

Field and laboratory comparison of the sensitivity and reliability of cocaine detection on currency using chemical sensors, humans, K-9s, and SPME/GC/MS/MS analysis
Author(s): Kenneth G. Furton; Ya-Li Hsu; Tien-Ying Luo; Arnold Norelus; Stefan Rose
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Paper Abstract

Reports that money in general circulation is contaminated with cocaine have resulted in contaminated money theories purporting that any person carrying currency could potentially initiate a drug dog alert. Field tests on dozens of different drug detector dogs with widely varying breeds, ages and training regimes show a consistent threshold level of 1 - 10 (mu) g of methyl benzoate spiked along with cocaine on U.S. currency or 0.1 - 1 ng/sec methyl benzoate diffusion required to initiate an alert. No other substance studied to data has initiated consistent responses by the drug dogs studied.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 February 1999
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 3576, Investigation and Forensic Science Technologies, (4 February 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.334543
Show Author Affiliations
Kenneth G. Furton, Florida International Univ. (United States)
Ya-Li Hsu, Florida International Univ. (United States)
Tien-Ying Luo, Florida International Univ. (United States)
Arnold Norelus, Florida International Univ. (United States)
Stefan Rose, Florida International Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3576:
Investigation and Forensic Science Technologies
Kathleen Higgins, Editor(s)

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