Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

SeaWiFS measurements of the moon
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00

Paper Abstract

Measurements of the lunar surface in the visible and near infrared wavelength regions provide a new and intriguing method of determining changes in the sensitivities of Earth observing radiometers. Lunar measurements are part of the calibration strategy for the instruments in the Earth Observing System (EOS) and part of the calibration strategy for the Sea Viewing Wide Field of View Sensor (SeaWiFS). SeaWiFS was launched on August 1, 1997. The first SeaWiFS images of the Earth were taken on September 4, 1997, and the first lunar measurements were made on November 14, 1997. We describe the results from the initial nine lunar measurements by SeaWiFS, extending to July 10, 1998. The time series for the lunar images show changes in the sensitivities of SeaWiFS bands one through five (412 to 555 nm) to be very small over the eight month interval. For band 6 (670 nm), the decrease in sensitivity over seven months is 1/2%. For bands 7 and 8 (765 and 865 nm), the decreases are 11/2% and 5% respectively. These changes, with reduced scatter in the results, are also found in the band ratios. The instrument changes can be seen in the SeaWiFS data products. Using the lunar time series, plus data from diffuser and ocean surface measurements, a time-dependent correction for the changes in the sensitivities of bands 6, 7, and 8 has been applied in the SeaWiFS data processing algorithm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 December 1998
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 3498, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites II, (21 December 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.333645
Show Author Affiliations
Robert A. Barnes, SAIC General Sciences Corp. and NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Robert E. Eplee, SAIC General Sciences Corp. and NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Frederick S. Patt, SAIC General Sciences Corp. and NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3498:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites II
Hiroyuki Fujisada, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top