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Proceedings Paper

Overview of the National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS)
Author(s): Reginald B. Lawrence; Lauraleen O'Connor
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Paper Abstract

On May 5, 1994, President Clinton made the landmark decision to merge the Nation's military and civil operational meteorological satellite systems into a single, national system capable of satisfying both civil and national security requirements for space based remotely sensed environmental data. Convergence of these programs is the most significant change in U.S. operational remote sensing since the launching of the first weather satellite in April 1960, and marks a significant departure from eight earlier attempts over the last twenty years to combine these previously separate programs. For the first time, the U.S. government is taking an integrated approach to identify and meeting the operational satellite needs of both the civil and national security communities. The joint program formed as a result of President Clinton's direction is known as the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS), and it is expected to provide up to $650 million in government cost savings through the year 1999 and up to $1.8 billion over the life of the program.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 December 1998
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3498, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites II, (21 December 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.333635
Show Author Affiliations
Reginald B. Lawrence, NOAA/NESDIS (United States)
Lauraleen O'Connor, NPOESS Integrated Program Office/U.S. Air Force (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3498:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites II
Hiroyuki Fujisada, Editor(s)

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