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Proceedings Paper

High-resolution large-acceptance analyzer for x-ray fluorescence and Raman spectroscopy
Author(s): Uwe Bergmann; Stephen P. Cramer
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Paper Abstract

A newly designed multi-crystal X-ray spectrometer and its applications in the fields of X-ray fluorescence and X-ray Raman spectroscopy are described. The instrument is based on 8 spherically curved Si crystals, each with a 3.5 inch diameter form bent to a radius of 86 cm. The crystals are individually aligned in the Rowland geometry capturing a total solid angle of 0.07 sr. The array is arranged in a way that energy scans can be performed by moving the whole instrument, rather than scanning each crystal by itself. At angles close to back scattering the energy resolution is between 0.3 and 1 eV depending on the beam dimensions at the sample. The instrument is mainly designed for X-ray absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy of transition metals in dilute systems such as metalloproteins. First results of the Mn K(beta) (3p yields 1 s) emission in photosystem II are shown. An independent application of the instrument is the technique of X-ray Raman spectroscopy which can address problems similar to those in traditional soft X-ray absorption spectroscopies, and initial results are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 December 1998
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3448, Crystal and Multilayer Optics, (11 December 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.332507
Show Author Affiliations
Uwe Bergmann, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (United States)
Stephen P. Cramer, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. and Univ. of California/Davis (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3448:
Crystal and Multilayer Optics
Albert T. Macrander; Andreas K. Freund; Tetsuya Ishikawa; Dennis M. Mills, Editor(s)

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