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Proceedings Paper

Dynamically programmable cache
Author(s): Mouna Nakkar; John A. Harding; David A. Schwartz; Paul D. Franzon; Thomas Conte
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Paper Abstract

Reconfigurable machines have recently been used as co- processors to accelerate the execution of certain algorithms or program subroutines. The problems with the above approach include high reconfiguration time and limited partial reconfiguration. By far the most critical problems are: (1) the small on-chip memory which results in slower execution time, and (2) small FPGA areas that cannot implement large subroutines. Dynamically Programmable Cache (DPC) is a novel architecture for embedded processors which offers solutions to the above problems. To solve memory access problems, DPC processors merge reconfigurable arrays with the data cache at various cache levels to create a multi-level reconfigurable machines. As a result DPC machines have both higher data accessibility and FPGA memory bandwidth. To solve the limited FPGA resource problem, DPC processors implemented multi-context switching (Virtualization) concept. Virtualization allows implementation of large subroutines with fewer FPGA cells. Additionally, DPC processors can parallelize the execution of several operations resulting in faster execution time. In this paper, the speedup improvement for DPC machines are shown to be 5X faster than an Altera FLEX10K FPGA chip and 2X faster than a Sun Ultral SPARC station for two different algorithms (convolution and motion estimation).

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 October 1998
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3526, Configurable Computing: Technology and Applications, (8 October 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.327035
Show Author Affiliations
Mouna Nakkar, North Carolina State Univ. (United States)
John A. Harding, HRL Labs. (United States)
David A. Schwartz, HRL Labs. (United States)
Paul D. Franzon, North Carolina State Univ. (United States)
Thomas Conte, North Carolina State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3526:
Configurable Computing: Technology and Applications
John Schewel, Editor(s)

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