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Proceedings Paper

Real-time multicast with scalable reliability
Author(s): Patrick C. K. Wu; Soung C. Liew
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Paper Abstract

This paper proposes and investigates a protocol or real-time multicast applications called MSR. Two essential features in MSR are its traffic shaping and scalable retransmission schemes. To minimize packet loss and delay in the network, MSR spaces out the transmission of bursty data at the source. Reliability is further enhanced with a scheme in which the receivers make use of NAC messages to request for retransmission of packets from the sender. To avoid the well-known NACK is issued among a group of receivers. Unlike previous multicast protocols which attempt to achieve 100 percent reliability by requiring a correct copy of a packet to reach all receivers before the retransmission process stops, a key feature in our scheme is that the level of reliability can be scaled in accordance with the maximum tolerable end-to-end delay, defined as the difference between the instant at which the real-time data must be presented to the user and the instant at which it is created at the sender. MSR attempts to make optimal use of measured parameters such as delay, round-trip delay, loss rate, etc. to scale the retransmission process and provide single NACK mechanism. We adopt the framework of the standard RTP and RTCP for the implementation of MSR. This paper present a proof to show that the time-out mechanism in MSR, which is required to effect retransmission request, would work even if the clocks of the sender and receivers are not synchronized, a situation not uncommon in the Internet. Many multimedia streaming protocols currently used on the Web either uses a 100 percent reliable protocol like TCP or unreliable protocol like UDP. The former sacrifices the 'real-timeness' and the latter sacrifices the quality of the presentation. Our rough performance analysis indicates that there is perhaps a better intermediate solution using a scalable protocol like MSR.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 October 1998
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3530, Performance and Control of Network Systems II, (7 October 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.325875
Show Author Affiliations
Patrick C. K. Wu, Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong (China)
Soung C. Liew, Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3530:
Performance and Control of Network Systems II
Wai Sum Lai; Robert B. Cooper, Editor(s)

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