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Proceedings Paper

Environmental effects on detection of buried mines and UXO
Author(s): Richard M. Detsch; Thomas F. Jenkins; Steven A. Arcone; Gary Koh; Kevin O'Neill
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Paper Abstract

Several studies are under way at the U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL) to define environmental effects on detection and classification of buried mines and unexploded ordnance (UXO). Ground that is very wet, frozen, or snow covered can pose severe constraints on demining operations. The qualitative and quantitative nature of chemical signatures of buried land mines is being documented. Research to date indicates that although 2,4,6- trinitrotoluene constitutes over 99% of military-grade TNT, it is a minor component of the vapor signature at ground level. CRREL operates a year-round test site to determine the effect of weather on radar and IR systems used to detect buried mines. The New England site experiences many of the weather conditions likely to interfere with mine detection around the world. Short-pulse ground penetrating radar (GPR) was used to profile both ordnance and non-ordnance targets at the 40-acre UXO site at Jefferson Proving Ground. Analysis of the data indicates that future systems will have to operate at faster data acquisition rates. Radar modeling is being used to simulate the effects of the environment and identify new techniques for finding and classifying buried ferrous objects.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 September 1998
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 3392, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets III, (4 September 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.324181
Show Author Affiliations
Richard M. Detsch, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab. (United States)
Thomas F. Jenkins, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab. (United States)
Steven A. Arcone, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab. (United States)
Gary Koh, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab. (United States)
Kevin O'Neill, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3392:
Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets III
Abinash C. Dubey; James F. Harvey; J. Thomas Broach, Editor(s)

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