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Proceedings Paper

Material removal rate fiber optic corrosion sensor
Author(s): Angela Trego; Eric D. Haugse; Eric Udd
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Paper Abstract

Fiber Bragg grating sensors generally consist of a single grating written in a low-birefringent optical fiber. The wavelength shift of the peak in the reflected spectrum from these sensors can be used to measure a single component of strain or a change in temperature [Lawrence, 1997]. Fibers are also available with a significant enough birefringence to maintain the polarization state along great lengths and through many turns. This 'polarization maintaining' fiber is commercially available through several companies and in several configurations (including different cladding material and wavelength shift). The grating usually extends approximately 3 mm - 5 m in length. Udd gives a detailed explanation of fiber optics, Bragg gratings and birefringence [Udd, 1991]. As light from an LED is passed through the fiber, only the wavelength consistent with the grating period will be reflected back towards the source. All other wavelengths will pass through. The reflected spectrum will shift as the fiber is strained along its axis at the grating location. Strain or temperature changes at any other location have negligible effect on the wavelength encoded data output. When the Fiber Bragg grating single-axis sensor (termed fiber hereafter) is strained transversely the wavelength will separate into two distinct peaks according to a mathematical relationship defined by Lawrence and Nelson [Lawrence, Nelson et al. 96]. Using these Fiber Bragg grating fibers a corrosion sensor which measures the rate of material was developed. The principle behind this newly developed corrosion sensor is to pre-stress the fiber with a known load. The load is applied by inducing a uniform hoop stress through pressure fitted cylinders around the fiber. This induced stress creates a broadening of the reflected spectrum until the bifurcation of the reflected intensity peaks is distinguishable. As the material from the outer cylinder corrodes away the applied stress will be relieved. Finally, when no load is achieved, the reflected spectrum will have a single peak centered around the nominal Bragg grating wavelength. If a polarizing-maintaining 3-axis grating is used then the sensor would be even more sensitive, having two distinct peaks in each wavelength regime which shift.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 September 1998
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 3489, Fourth Pacific Northwest Fiber Optic Sensor Workshop, (23 September 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.323422
Show Author Affiliations
Angela Trego, Boeing Information, Space and Defense Group (United States)
Eric D. Haugse, Boeing Information, Space and Defense Group (United States)
Eric Udd, Boeing Information, Space and Defense Group (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3489:
Fourth Pacific Northwest Fiber Optic Sensor Workshop
Chuck C. Jung; Eric Udd, Editor(s)

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