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Proceedings Paper

Approximating large convolutions in digital images
Author(s): Tapas Kanungo; David M. Mount; Nathan S. Netanyahu; Christine Piatko; Ruth Silverman; Angela Y. Wu
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Paper Abstract

Computing discrete 2D convolutions is an important problem in image processing. In mathematical morphology, an important variant is that of computing binary convolutions, where large kernels are involved. In this paper, we present an algorithm for computing convolutions of this form, where the kernel of the binary convolution is derived from a convex polygon. Because the kernel is a geometric object, we allow the algorithm some flexibility in how it elects to digitize the convex kernel at each placement, as long as the digitization satisfies certain reasonable requirements. We say that such a convolution is valid. Given this flexibility we show that it is possible to computer binary convolutions more efficiently than would normally be possible for large kernels, computes a valid convolution in time O(kmn) time. Unlike standard algorithms for computing correlations and convolutions, the running time is independent of the area or perimeter of K, and our technique do not rely on computing fast Fourier transforms. Our algorithm is based on a novel use of Bresenham's line-drawing algorithm and prefix-sums to update the convolution efficiently as the kernel is moved from one position to another across the image.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 October 1998
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3454, Vision Geometry VII, (2 October 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.323258
Show Author Affiliations
Tapas Kanungo, Univ. of Maryland/College Park (United States)
David M. Mount, Univ. of Maryland/College Park (United States)
Nathan S. Netanyahu, Univ. of Maryland/College Park and NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Christine Piatko, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Ruth Silverman, Univ. of the District of Columbia and Univ. of Maryland/College Park (United States)
Angela Y. Wu, American Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3454:
Vision Geometry VII
Robert A. Melter; Angela Y. Wu; Longin Jan Latecki, Editor(s)

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