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Proceedings Paper

Spectral-signature-preserving compression of multispectral data
Author(s): John A. Saghri; M. S. Laghari; A. Boujarwah; Andrew G. Tescher
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Paper Abstract

An enhancement to a previously developed Karhunen- Loeve/discrete cosine transform-based multispectral bandwidth compression technique is presented. This enhancement is achieved via addition of a spectral screening module prior to the spectral decorrelation process. The objective of the spectral screening module is to identify a set of unique spectral signatures in a block of multispectral data to be used in the subsequent spectral decorrelation module. The number of unique signatures found will depend on the desired spectral angle separation, irrespective of their frequency of occurrence. This set of unique spectral signatures, instead of the signature of each and every point of the block of data, will be used to construct the spectral covariance matrix and the resulting Karhunen-Loeve spectral transformation matrix that is used to spectrally decorrelate the multispectral images. The significance of this modification is that the covariance matrix so constructed will not be entirely based on the statistical significance of the individual spectral in the block but rather on the uniqueness of the individual spectra. Without this added spectral screening feature, small objects and ground features would likely be manifested in the low eigen planes mixed with all of the noise present in the scene. Since these lower eigen planes are coded via the subsequent JPEG compression module at a much lower bit rate, the fidelity of these small objects will be severely impacted by the compression-induced error. However, the addition of the proposed spectral screening module will relegate these small objects into the higher eigen planes and hence will greatly enhance preservation of their fidelities in the compression process. This modification alleviates the need to update the covariance matrix frequently over small sub-blocks, resulting in a reduced overhead bit requirement and a much simpler implementation task.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 October 1998
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3460, Applications of Digital Image Processing XXI, (1 October 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.323194
Show Author Affiliations
John A. Saghri, Kuwait Univ. (United States)
M. S. Laghari, Kuwait Univ. (Kuwait)
A. Boujarwah, Kuwait Univ. (Kuwait)
Andrew G. Tescher, Lockheed Martin Palo Alto Advanced Technology Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3460:
Applications of Digital Image Processing XXI
Andrew G. Tescher, Editor(s)

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