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Proceedings Paper

Casting the first 8.4-m borosilicate honeycomb mirror for the Large Binocular Telescope
Author(s): John M. Hill; James Roger P. Angel; Randall D. Lutz; Blain H. Olbert; Peter A. Strittmatter
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Paper Abstract

We report on the casting of the first 8.4 meter diameter borosilicate honeycomb mirror at the Steward Observatory Mirror Laboratory. This blank will become the world's largest monolithic glass telescope mirror, and is the first of two mirrors for the large Binocular Telescope Project. The honeycomb 8.4 meter mirror was cast from 21 tons of E6 borosilicate glass manufactured by Ohara. This glass is melted into a mold constructed of aluminosilicate fiber to produce a honeycomb structure with roughly 20% of solid density. The 1662 hexagonal voids that form the honeycomb structure are produced by ceramic fiber boxes bolted to the bottom of the mold with SiC bolts. The furnace rotates at 6.8 rpm during the casting process to produce the F/1.14 paraboloid on the front surface. This shaping minimizes the amount of glass which must be removed during the grinding process. The front faceplate of the mirror will be 28 mm thick after generating and the back faceplate will be 25 mm. The overall thickness of the finished honeycomb blank is 89 cm at the outer edge and 44 cm at the central hole. The first 8.4 meter mirror blank was cast in January 1997. During the casting, two tons of glass leaked from the mold inside the spinning furnace. After a three month annealing cycle the furnace was opened for inspection. As a result of the leakage about 2 square meters of the faceplate near one edge of the mirror was too thin to be polished. In April 1997, an additional two tons of glass was loaded on top of the intact honeycomb structure. In June 1997, after heating slowly back to the annealing temperature, this extra glass was flash melted onto the front of the blank to assure that the faceplate was of sufficient thickness. After a further three month annealing cycle, the furnace was re-opened to reveal a superb casting with low bubble content and little trace of the fusion boundary. The blank has been removed from the furnace using a fixture glued to the upper surface of the blank. It will soon be stripped of its mold material in preparation for polishing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 August 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3352, Advanced Technology Optical/IR Telescopes VI, (25 August 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.319295
Show Author Affiliations
John M. Hill, Steward Observatory/Univ. of Arizona (United States)
James Roger P. Angel, Steward Observatory/Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Randall D. Lutz, Steward Observatory/Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Blain H. Olbert, Steward Observatory/Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Peter A. Strittmatter, Steward Observatory/Univ. of Arizona (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3352:
Advanced Technology Optical/IR Telescopes VI
Larry M. Stepp, Editor(s)

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