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Proceedings Paper

Singular beam synthesis by means of one-dimensional phase elements
Author(s): Mikhail Yu. Loktev; Nicholas N. Losevsky; Vladimir G. Volostnikov
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Paper Abstract

In reference 1 it was shown that beams containing phase singularities have enough various intensity distributions, in particular, the distribution looked like an arbitrary planar curve. In this work we present a method of synthesis of these beams by means of one-dimensional phase elements. The basis of the method is the result stated in reference 1 that Fourier transform with an additional astigmatic phase converts such beams into light fields with one-dimensional structure. Thus, the synthesis of a singular beam can be reduced to formation of one-dimensional light fields with subsequent astigmatic Fourier transform of them. One-dimensional light field synthesis is carried out by means of two one-dimensional phase elements located at some distances along the beam propagation. One-dimensional phase masks were realized experimentally on dichromated gelatin layers which were made by sensibilization of standard holographic photoplates. The masks were recorded through an exposure of layers by an argon ion laser operating at the wavelength of 0.488 mkm. The laser beam was transformed into a narrow line of 10 mkm width. The recording was made by moving a layer in its own plane step-by-step with the help of an electric motor controlled by a computer. (The step size was 5 mkm.) After the exposure these layers were developed by water vapors according to a technique described in reference 2. Experimental results of synthesis of a beam whose intensity looks like a boundary of a regular triangle are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 August 1998
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3487, International Conference on Singular Optics, (3 August 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.317705
Show Author Affiliations
Mikhail Yu. Loktev, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute (Netherlands)
Nicholas N. Losevsky, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute (Russia)
Vladimir G. Volostnikov, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute (Russia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3487:
International Conference on Singular Optics
Marat S. Soskin, Editor(s)

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