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Proceedings Paper

4x32 FIRGA array: a pacesetter for a 52x32-element gallium arsenide focal plane array
Author(s): Reinhard O. Katterloher; Lothar Barl; Jeffrey W. Beeman; Erwin Czech; Detlef Engemann; Otto Frenzl; Nancy M. Haegel; Eugene E. Haller; Thomas Henning; Lou Hermans; Gerd Jakob; Mitsuharu Konuma; Goeran L. Pilbratt
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Paper Abstract

FIRST and SOFIA are both future IR observatories with 3m class main mirrors having sophisticated instrumentation aboard. The present design of the FIRST imaging spectrometer PACS requires two large far-IR photoconductor arrays of 25 X 16 pixels each, the baseline material is stressed and unstressed Ge:Ga. A gallium arsenide photoconductive detector which is sensitive in the far IR (FIR) wavelength range from about 60 micrometers to 300 micrometers might offer the advantage of extending considerably the long wavelength cut- off of presently available photodetectors. FIRGA is an ESA sponsored detector development program on this matter involving international partners. The aim is a monolithic 4 X 32 demonstrator array module with associated cryogenic read-out electronics. Recent progress in material research has led to the production of Te-doped n-type GaAs layers using liquid phase epitaxy. We prepared sample detectors from those material and investigated their electrical and IR characteristics. First measurements indicate that GaAs has in principle considerable potential as a FIR photon detector. Theoretical modeling of GaAs detectors can help with the detector design and allows the prediction of response transients as a function of detector parameters. Present development activities are mainly concentration on material research, i.e. the production of GaAs:Te with improved FIR characteristics. Results of the current test and measurements are reported. The FIRGA study is intended to prepare the technology for large 2D GaAs detector arrays for far IR astronomy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 August 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3354, Infrared Astronomical Instrumentation, (21 August 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.317301
Show Author Affiliations
Reinhard O. Katterloher, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Lothar Barl, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Jeffrey W. Beeman, Univ. of California/Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (United States)
Erwin Czech, PTS GmbH (Germany)
Detlef Engemann, E & F Consult (Germany)
Otto Frenzl, ANTEC GmbH (Germany)
Nancy M. Haegel, Fairfield Univ. (United States)
Eugene E. Haller, Univ. of California/Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (United States)
Thomas Henning, Astronomie Institut und Universitaetssternwarte Jena (Germany)
Lou Hermans, IMEC v.z.w. (Belgium)
Gerd Jakob, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Mitsuharu Konuma, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung (Germany)
Goeran L. Pilbratt, European Space Agency/ESTEC (Netherlands)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3354:
Infrared Astronomical Instrumentation
Albert M. Fowler, Editor(s)

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