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Proceedings Paper

Fast and accurate projection algorithm for 3D cone-beam reconstruction with the Algebraic Reconstruction Technique (ART)
Author(s): Klaus Mueller; Roni Yagel; John J. Wheller
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Paper Abstract

The prime motivation of this work is to devise a projection algorithm that makes the Algebraic Reconstruction Technique (ART) and related methods more efficient for routine clinical use without compromising their accuracy. While we focus mostly on a fast implementation of ART-type methods in the context of 3D cone-beam reconstruction, most of the material presented here is also applicable to speed up 2D slice reconstruction from fan-beam data. In this paper, we utilize the concepts of the splatting algorithm, which is a well known and very efficient voxel-driven projection technique for parallel projection, and devise an extension for perspective cone-beam projection that is considerably more accurate than previously outlined extensions. Since this new voxel-driven splatting algorithm must make great sacrifices with regards to computational speed, we describe a new 3D ray-driven projector that uses similar concepts than the voxel-driven projector but is considerably faster, and, at the same time, also more accurate. We conclude that with the proposed fast projection algorithm the computational cost of cone-beam ART can be reduced significantly with the added benefit of slight gains in accuracy. A further conclusion of our studies is that for parallel-beam reconstruction, on the other hand, a simple voxel-driven splatting algorithm provides for more efficient projection.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 July 1998
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3336, Medical Imaging 1998: Physics of Medical Imaging, (24 July 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.317078
Show Author Affiliations
Klaus Mueller, Ohio State Univ. (United States)
Roni Yagel, Ohio State Univ. (Israel)
John J. Wheller, Ohio State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3336:
Medical Imaging 1998: Physics of Medical Imaging
James T. Dobbins III; John M. Boone, Editor(s)

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