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Proceedings Paper

Detecting delamination damage in composite rotorcraft flexbeams using the local wave response
Author(s): Ashish S. Purekar; Kodanate A. Lakshmanan; Darryll J. Pines
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Paper Abstract

The appearance of delaminations caused by excessive vibratory and fatigue loads in composite rotorcraft flexbeams can lead to degradation in flapwise and lagwise performance of the rotor blade. In addition, delaminations in composite rotorcraft flexbeams under cyclic loading can result in rapid fatigue failure of these elements leading to catastrophic results. A novel detection strategy is evaluated which attempts to use the scattering of structural waves generated from piezoelectric actuators to locate damage in the form of a delamination. Previous approaches to damage detection have focused on using the modal response of the structure. The approach reported in this work relies primarily on more accurate local continuum mechanics descriptions of the structural dynamics. The method developed here exploits the wave propagation solution of uncoupled equations of motion for thin composite flexbeams under rotation. Local models of structural damage in the form of chordwise interply delaminations are developed by accounting for how waves scatter at structural discontinuities. The scattering matrix, which characterizes how incoming and outgoing waves scatter at a structural defect, is used as a performance metric to quantify damage. Finally, experimental validation of the structural damage modeling and damage identification strategy were carried out on [0/90]s graphite epoxy (Gr/Ep) beams in vacuum under rotation. Chordwise midplane delaminations in the form of a teflon layer were inserted into several test specimen to simulate local structural damage in a rotorcraft flexbeam.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 July 1998
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 3329, Smart Structures and Materials 1998: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, (27 July 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.316922
Show Author Affiliations
Ashish S. Purekar, Univ. of Maryland/College Park (United States)
Kodanate A. Lakshmanan, Univ. of Maryland/College Park (United States)
Darryll J. Pines, Univ. of Maryland/College Park (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3329:
Smart Structures and Materials 1998: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems
Mark E. Regelbrugge, Editor(s)

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