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Proceedings Paper

Advancing real-time IR scene generation via commercial off-the-shelf components
Author(s): James A. Buford; David E. King; Mark H. Bowden
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Paper Abstract

As cost becomes an increasingly important factor in the development and testing of Infrared sensors and flight computer/processors, the need for accurate hardware-in-the- loop (HWIL) simulations is critical. In the past, expensive and complex dedicated scene generation hardware was needed to attain the fidelity necessary for accurate testing. Recent technological advances and innovative applications of established technologies are beginning to allow development of cost-effective replacements for dedicated scene generators. These new scene generators are mainly constructed from commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware and software components. At the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM) Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center (MRDEC), researchers have developed such a dynamic IR scene generator (IRSG) built around COTS hardware and software. The IRSG is used to provide dynamic inputs to an IR scene projector for in-band seeker testing and for direct signal injection into the seeker or processor electronics. AMCOM MRDEC has developed a second generation IRSG, namely IRSG2, using the latest Silicon Graphics Incorporated (SGI) Onyx2 with Infinite Reality graphics. As reported in previous papers, the SGI Onyx Reality Engine 2 is the platform of the original IRSG that is now referred to as IRSG1. IRSG1 has been in operation and used daily for the past three years on several IR projection and signal injection HWIL programs. Using this second generation IRSG, frame rates have increased from 120 Hz to 400 Hz and intensity resolution from 12 bits to 16 bits. The key features of the IRSGs are real time missile frame rates and frame sizes, dynamic missile-to-target(s) viewpoint updated each frame in real-time by a six-degree-of- freedom (6DOF) system under test (SUT) simulation, multiple dynamic objects (e.g. targets, terrain/background, countermeasures, and atmospheric effects), latency compensation, point-to-extended source anti-aliased targets, and sensor modeling effects. This paper provides a comparison between the IRSG1 and IRSG2 systems and focuses on the IRSG software, real time features, and database development tools.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 July 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3368, Technologies for Synthetic Environments: Hardware-in-the-Loop Testing III, (13 July 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.316372
Show Author Affiliations
James A. Buford, U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command (United States)
David E. King, CG2, Inc. (United States)
Mark H. Bowden, CG2, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3368:
Technologies for Synthetic Environments: Hardware-in-the-Loop Testing III
Robert Lee Murrer, Editor(s)

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