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Proceedings Paper

Development of a model to evaluate laser penetration in the equine using the Nd:YAG laser as a standard
Author(s): Lloyd P. Tate; Anthony T. Blikslager; Paul E. Mickel
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Paper Abstract

The Nd:YAG laser is a frequently used laser in correcting equine upper respiratory disorders. Evaluation of this laser and several other lasers ability to penetrate tissue has been based on in vitro studies using portions of the arytenoid cartilage. The parameters measured have routinely been depth and width of crater created from irradiation of tissue. This investigation was performed on cadaver acquired tissue with anticipation of developing a model to conduct future in vivo studies of a similar nature to evaluate and compare different lasers. To perform this power setting, tissue selection and means of acquiring measurements needed to be standardized. Due to its accessibility and anatomic similarity to the arytenoid used in previous studies the rostral nasal septum was chosen as the second tissue for comparison with the arytenoid. Evaluation of the selected energies delivered to the tissues by the Nd:YAG laser were evaluated to set a standard by determining depth and top and bottom diameters of the area ablated. Methods of measurement consisting of standard histologic preparation followed by microscopic evaluation was compared to computer tomography acquired determinations. Statistical analysis supported the hypothesis that the nasal septum is a viable substitute for the arytenoid cartilage for future in vivo studies. It is also easily accessible compared to the arytenoid and evaluation of laser induced lesion parameters either in situ or separate from the animal should not be detrimental to the animal.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3245, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems VIII, (1 July 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.312311
Show Author Affiliations
Lloyd P. Tate, North Carolina State Univ. College of Veterinary Medicine (United States)
Anthony T. Blikslager, North Carolina State Univ. College of Veterinary Medicine (United States)
Paul E. Mickel, North Carolina State Univ. College of Veterinary Medicine (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3245:
Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems VIII
Graham M. Watson; Harvey Lui; Lou Reinisch; Penny J. Smalley; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; R. Rox Anderson; Lawrence S. Bass; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Lloyd P. Tate; Sharon L. Thomsen; Reza S. Malek; Aaron P. Perlmutter; R. Rox Anderson; Lawrence S. Bass; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Kenton W. Gregory; Harvey Lui; Reza S. Malek; Aaron P. Perlmutter; Lou Reinisch; Penny J. Smalley; Lloyd P. Tate; Sharon L. Thomsen; Graham M. Watson, Editor(s)

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