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Proceedings Paper

Spectroscopic study of the effect of laser heating on collagen stability: implications for tissue welding
Author(s): Ward Small; Luiz Barroca Da Silva; Dennis L. Matthews
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Paper Abstract

Collagen is believed to play a major role in laser tissue welding. Furthermore, the fundamental fusion mechanism(s) may include thermal denaturation of the collagen fibers. An in vitro investigation of the effect of laser heating (1.9 micrometer diode laser) on collagen conformation was performed. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra of native and heated porcine cornea were obtained. A low-frequency shift in the amide A band of collagen around 3320 cm-1 indicated that conformational changes associated with denaturation occurred. Samples heated using a temperature feedback controlled 1.9 micrometer diode laser showed a gradual decrease in the amide A peak frequency with increasing temperature, as did samples heated in a water bath. Complete denaturation was achieved at temperatures above 85 degrees Celsius for both heating protocols. Water loss induced by laser heating may have reduced the mobility of the collagen polypeptide chains, and contributed to the elevated denaturation temperature.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 1998
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 3245, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems VIII, (1 July 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.312298
Show Author Affiliations
Ward Small, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Luiz Barroca Da Silva, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Dennis L. Matthews, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3245:
Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems VIII
Graham M. Watson; Harvey Lui; Lou Reinisch; Penny J. Smalley; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; R. Rox Anderson; Lawrence S. Bass; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Lloyd P. Tate; Sharon L. Thomsen; Reza S. Malek; Aaron P. Perlmutter; R. Rox Anderson; Lawrence S. Bass; C. Gaelyn Garrett; Kenton W. Gregory; Harvey Lui; Reza S. Malek; Aaron P. Perlmutter; Lou Reinisch; Penny J. Smalley; Lloyd P. Tate; Sharon L. Thomsen; Graham M. Watson, Editor(s)

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